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Martin Luther King - I have a dream
Here you see the famous speech about freedom, human rights and the "black shock" from Martin Luther King.
You can download the audio-file for free:
Martin Luther King - I have a dream.
I am happy to join with you today in what will go down in history as the greatest demonstration for freedom in the history of our nation.
Five score years ago, a great American, in whose symbolic shadow we stand today, signed the Emancipation Proclamation. This momentous decree came as a great beacon light of hope to millions of Negro slaves who had been seared in the flames of withering injustice. It came as a joyous daybreak to end the long night of their captivity.
But one hundred years later, the Negro still is not free. One hundred years later, the life of the Negro is still sadly crippled by the manacles of segregation and the chains of discrimination. One hundred years later, the Negro lives on a lonely island of poverty in the midst of a vast ocean of material prosperity. One hundred years later, the Negro is still languished in the corners of American society and finds himself an exile in his own land. And so we've come here today to dramatize a shameful condition.
In a sense we've come to our nation's capital to cash a check. When the architects of our republic wrote the magnificent words of the Constitution and the Declaration of Independence, they were signing a promissory note to which every American was to fall heir. This note was a promise that all men, yes, black men as well as white men, would be guaranteed the "unalienable Rights" of "Life, Liberty and the pursuit of Happiness." It is obvious today that America has defaulted on this promissory note, insofar as her citizens of color are concerned. Instead of honoring this sacred obligation, America has given the Negro people a bad check, a check which has come back marked "insufficient funds."
But we refuse to believe that the bank of justice is bankrupt. We refuse to believe that there are insufficient funds in the great vaults of opportunity of this nation. And so, we've come to cash this check, a check that will give us upon demand the riches of freedom and the security of justice.
We have also come to this hallowed spot to remind America of the fierce urgency of Now. This is no time to engage in the luxury of cooling off or to take the tranquilizing drug of gradualism. Now is the time to make real the promises of democracy. Now is the time to rise from the dark and desolate valley of segregation to the sunlit path of racial justice. Now is the time to lift our nation from the quicksands of racial injustice to the solid rock of brotherhood. Now is the time to make justice a reality for all of God's children.
It would be fatal for the nation to overlook the urgency of the moment. This sweltering summer of the Negro's legitimate discontent will not pass until there is an invigorating autumn of freedom and equality. Nineteen sixty-three is not an end, but a beginning. And those who hope that the Negro needed to blow off steam and will now be content will have a rude awakening if the nation returns to business as usual. And there will be neither rest nor tranquility in America until the Negro is granted his citizenship rights. The whirlwinds of revolt will continue to shake the foundations of our nation until the bright day of justice emerges.
But there is something that I must say to my people, who stand on the warm threshold which leads into the palace of justice: In the process of gaining our rightful place, we must not be guilty of wrongful deeds. Let us not seek to satisfy our thirst for freedom by drinking from the cup of bitterness and hatred. We must forever conduct our struggle on the high plane of dignity and discipline. We must not allow our creative protest to degenerate into physical violence. Again and again, we must rise to the majestic heights of meeting physical force with soul force.
The marvelous new militancy which has engulfed the Negro community must not lead us to a distrust of all white people, for many of our white brothers, as evidenced by their presence here today, have come to realize that their destiny is tied up with our destiny. And they have come to realize that their freedom is inextricably bound to our freedom. We cannot walk alone.
And as we walk, we must make the pledge that we shall always march ahead.
We cannot turn back.
There are those who are asking the devotees of civil rights, "When will you be satisfied?" We can never be satisfied as long as the Negro is the victim of the unspeakable horrors of police brutality. We can never be satisfied as long as our bodies, heavy with the fatigue of travel, cannot gain lodging in the motels of the highways and the hotels of the cities. *We cannot be satisfied as long as the negro's basic mobility is from a smaller ghetto to a larger one. We can never be satisfied as long as our children are stripped of their self-hood and robbed of their dignity by a sign stating: "For Whites Only."* We cannot be satisfied as long as a Negro in Mississippi cannot vote and a Negro in New York believes he has nothing for which to vote. No, no, we are not satisfied, and we will not be satisfied until "justice rolls down like waters, and righteousness like a mighty stream."
I am not unmindful that some of you have come here out of great trials and tribulations. Some of you have come fresh from narrow jail cells. And some of you have come from areas where your quest -- quest for freedom left you battered by the storms of persecution and staggered by the winds of police brutality. You have been the veterans of creative suffering. Continue to work with the faith that unearned suffering is redemptive. Go back to Mississippi, go back to Alabama, go back to South Carolina, go back to Georgia, go back to Louisiana, go back to the slums and ghettos of our northern cities, knowing that somehow this situation can and will be changed.
Let us not wallow in the valley of despair, I say to you today, my friends.
And so even though we face the difficulties of today and tomorrow, I still have a dream. It is a dream deeply rooted in the American dream.
I have a dream that one day this nation will rise up and live out the true meaning of its creed: "We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men are created equal."
I have a dream that one day on the red hills of Georgia, the sons of former slaves and the sons of former slave owners will be able to sit down together at the table of brotherhood.
I have a dream that one day even the state of Mississippi, a state sweltering with the heat of injustice, sweltering with the heat of oppression, will be transformed into an oasis of freedom and justice.
I have a dream that my four little children will one day live in a nation where they will not be judged by the color of their skin but by the content of their character.
I have a dream today!
I have a dream that one day, down in Alabama, with its vicious racists, with its governor having his lips dripping with the words of "interposition" and "nullification" -- one day right there in Alabama little black boys and black girls will be able to join hands with little white boys and white girls as sisters and brothers.
I have a dream today!
I have a dream that one day every valley shall be exalted, and every hill and mountain shall be made low, the rough places will be made plain, and the crooked places will be made straight; "and the glory of the Lord shall be revealed and all flesh shall see it together."
This is our hope, and this is the faith that I go back to the South with.
With this faith, we will be able to hew out of the mountain of despair a stone of hope. With this faith, we will be able to transform the jangling discords of our nation into a beautiful symphony of brotherhood. With this faith, we will be able to work together, to pray together, to struggle together, to go to jail together, to stand up for freedom together, knowing that we will be free one day.
And this will be the day -- this will be the day when all of God's children will be able to sing with new meaning:
My country 'tis of thee, sweet land of liberty, of thee I sing.
Land where my fathers died, land of the Pilgrim's pride,
From every mountainside, let freedom ring!
And if America is to be a great nation, this must become true.
And so let freedom ring from the prodigious hilltops of New Hampshire.
Let freedom ring from the mighty mountains of New York.
Let freedom ring from the heightening Alleghenies of
Let freedom ring from the snow-capped Rockies of Colorado.
Let freedom ring from the curvaceous slopes of California.
But not only that:
Let freedom ring from Stone Mountain of Georgia.
Let freedom ring from Lookout Mountain of Tennessee.
Let freedom ring from every hill and molehill of Mississippi.
From every mountainside, let freedom ring.
And when this happens, when we allow freedom ring, when we let it ring from every village and every hamlet, from every state and every city, we will be able to speed up that day when all of God's children, black men and white men, Jews and Gentiles, Protestants and Catholics, will be able to join hands and sing in the words of the old Negro spiritual:
Free at last! Free at last!
Thank God Almighty, we are free at last!
Ist die Haupthandlung die jetzt gerade passiert.
Example: She drives the car
In Erzδhlungen ist es manchmal notwendig Handlungen oder
Ereignisse zu schildern die deutlich frόher passiert sind als
Die Haupthandlung die im Past steht. Darum verwendet man das
Examples: Theyd drunk the last of the water,
Flight 111 had left New-York now
Form: had + 3 Form des Verbs
Past Progressive (=Present Continuous)
Man verwendet das Past Progressive oft dann, wenn man von
Vergangenen Ereignissen erzδhlt. Du drόckst damit aus, dass
Eine Handlung lδnger gedauert hat.
Examples: The monkey was watching the wild pig,
The fox and the pig were fighting
Form: was/ were + ing-Form des Verbs
Du verwendest das Present Perfect hδufig dann, wenn du ausdrόcken
willst , dass etwas gerade oder vor kurzer Zeit passiert ist, und
und du keine genaue Zeit angibst.
Examples: The rain has stopped,
They have cut the grass
have/has + 3 Form des Verbs
Present Perfect (Progressive)
Du verwendest das present perfect progressive um
auszudrόcken, womit sich jemand schon einige Zeit
Examples: Ive been working with Andy Gibbon,
Wve been practising our dance routines,
The fans have been asking to get back,
have/ has + been + ing-Form des Verbs
Erzδhlt was wahrscheinlich passieren oder erwartet wird.
Examples. I worry that Ill get bad marks,
Ill probably meet Lucy.
will/ wont + base form
. a quiet holiday
. and relax
. I have a plane to reach
We had fixed
. to go out last night
The plane leaves at 10 o`clock but he have to check
. 2 hours before
. ! She`s got a gun !
. for a moment
We shouldn`t hang
. too long or we`ll be late
I had an argument with Kelly but we`ve sorted it
. and we are friends again
I`m okay The doctor says
I went to the film studios last week She said she`d gone to the film studios
A woman telephoned me yesterday She mentioned that a woman had telephoned her
Someone is trying to kill me She said that someone
Someone shot me She said that someone
WILL OR GOING TO
Mark expects that our planet
. (be) saved
I promise, I
. (work) harder next year
I`m certain that he
. (marry) her one day
. (collect) empty bottles and sell them
. (buy) a small greenhouse for their garden
Wait a moment, I
. (explain) it to you in a minute
I know that he
. (win) the match
Article about violence in our life
Does violence influence us?
Today we find violence in almost every part of our life. If we take a look at a newspaper, we find big headlines about the bird flu, a terror attack, a massacre in a High school,
. When we watch TV, we see dying soldiers in the Iraq, tanks in Israel, bombs in North Korea and so on. There are violent computer games, violent films, violent behaviour, violent here, violent there: Violence is round us. But what are the reasons for so much fear and scary news in the world? Will violence in the world influence our behaviour or are there other factors which lead to aggressive actions?
If we want to find solutions, we have to take a look at the reasons of violence. For me, there are 4 main types. My first explanation is, that violence is an instinct, which we all have. That means, that everyone on earth is violent, but everybody shows violence in another way. We can act out our violence in harmless ways such as sports or we can show our violence in aggressive ways. And of course you would defend yourself when you get attacked. Its a natural instinct to defend you life, even with your fists, when there are no other ways.
The second explanation means, that violence is something that we learn. We see violence, we experience it and we imitate it. But if violence is really the result of a learning process, this means we can get rid of it.
The third explanation means, that violence is the result of frustration. When we often do not get what we want, we get frustrated and this frustration leads to aggressive behaviour.
My last explanation means, that you get violent, when you try to survive. Imagine the following situation: You are on an isolated island with another man. Theres nothing to eat at the island. After a week, you find chest with bread inside. But just one! Im sure, there will be a fight for this bread. Hunger is a powerful feeling which can easily lead to aggressive behaviour.
In my opinion, all four statements are true. Violence is an instinct, but during our life, we learn other forms of violence. We learn how to hurt and we learn how to cry, sings David Byrne in his song Like humans do. But also frustration or hunger can lead to violence.
So, who is to blame for the rising number of violence and crime every year? In my eyes everybody who glorifies violence, feed our fears to sell more papers or attracts more TV viewers or computer gamers is to blame. Its true that violence is part of our daily lives and will always be. But only when we are critical enough to find the reasons for violence we are able to understand it. And everybody on earth can help to get the world a little bit safer.